August 20, 2019

August 18, 2019

Interpretation and critical appreciation of the poem “Another Woman” by Harinath Vemula


Interpretation and critical appreciation of the poem “Another Woman”
by Harinath Vemula

Another Woman (Imtiaz Dharkar)
This morning she bought green 'methi'
in the market, choosing the freshest bunch;
picked up a white radish,
imagined the crunch it would make
between her teeth, the sweet sharp taste,
then put it aside, thinking it
an extravagance, counted her coins
out carefully, tied them, a small bundle
into her sari at the waist;
came home, faced her mother-in-law's
dark looks, took
the leaves and chopped them,
her hands stained yellow from the juice;
cut an onion, fine and cooked
the whole thing in the pot
over the stove,
shielding her face from the heat.
The usual words came and beat
their wings against her: the money spent,
curses heaped upon her parents,
who had sent her out
to darken other people's doors.
She crouched, as usual, on the floor
beside the stove,
When the man came home
she did not look into his face
nor raise her head; but bent
her back a little more.
Nothing gave her the right
to speak.
She watched the flame hiss up
and beat against the cheap old pot,
a wing of brightness
against its blackened cheek.
This was the house she had been sent to,
the man she had been bound to,
the future she had been born into.
So when the kerosene was thrown
(just a moment of surprise,
A brilliant spark)
It was the only choice
that she had ever known.
Another torch, blazing in the dark.
Another woman.
We shield our faces from the heat.
Interpretation and critical appreciation of the poem “Another Woman”
by Harinath Vemula
           
            This is the poem that might have written in 80’s or 90’s. It was written by Imtiaz Dharkar, a famous poetess. She is a feminist. Usually poetry is written when the poet feels something, a thing, a person, an incident etc. Here the poetess might have felt sorry for the women being discriminated and harassed by in-laws and others at that time. But it is evident to day itself. Hence the poem reflects the hardships and discrimination that the women have been facing all the way.
           
            This poem depicts the scene of the woman life after marriage at in-law’s house. The reasons might be different for the torture she faced. In 19th and 20th century such incidents were common in the middle class families. Now the education might have given women a better life. But the gender discrimination and harassment on woman is an evident now a day too. But it has taken some other ways.

            Regarding the poem it is completed in few stanzas.

            This morning she bought green 'methi'
in the market, choosing the freshest bunch;

The first two lines of the poem talk about the selection of the freshest bunch of the green methi in the market. Here it is common that everyone love to buy fresh vegetable for meal. Sometimes it might be happened that to buy some stale or damaged vegetable. But here for this antagonist of the poem is to be more careful for her buying because she is to answer for what she bought.
picked up a white radish,
imagined the crunch it would make
between her teeth, the sweet sharp taste,
then put it aside, thinking it an extravagance,

Usually it is common to buy vegetable for the food to eat. You can recall that buying of carrot to eat raw. But in this poem the woman thought that it was an extravagance. She just imagined the crunch of the white radish and the sweet sharp taste when it is tasted. And she did not buy the radish. Here we have to think it over. Why did she think of extravagance? Is it really extravagance to buy a radish? Is the family of the woman too poor to buy a white radish? Is she worried of buying at her will? Did she have any financial right to buy it? Here I think she might have not gotten any financial freedom in her in-law’s home. She might have frightened for the consequences to face if she bought it. Hence she thought that it was an extravagance.

counted her coins
out carefully, tied them, a small bundle
into her sari at the waist;

            Do you consider the coins more worthy when you visit a market? No, we don’t worry about the coins we just put them in pocket casually. Why do you think she counted the coins carefully? Yes, she might have not got any financial freedom to do at her will. She might be responsible for every coin she brought and spent. Hence she would be afraid of losing anything and counted them carefully and placed them securely.

came home, faced her mother-in-law's
dark looks, took

            These lines reveal why she worried in the market and just imagined the taste and crunch of the white radish rather than buying it. The dark looks suggest that her mother in-law was angry, unfriendly and suspicion her daughter-in-law. The reason for this might be the less dowry she brought, illiteracy of the people, gender bias, ego of the people etc. Think of the other possible reasons for mother-in-law’s dark looks.

the leaves and chopped them,
her hands stained yellow from the juice;
cut an onion, fine and cooked
the whole thing in the pot
over the stove,
shielding her face from the heat.

            These lines tell us that she is quite skillful in cooking things. But naturally women are delicate physically than the men. Hence she’s shielding her face from the heat of the stove physically and the heat of the mental torture she’s facing.

The usual words came and beat
their wings against her: the money spent,
curses heaped upon her parents,
who had sent her out
to darken other people's doors.

            Why these usual? That reveals that it is a routine and regular thing that she has to face such humiliation everyday from her in-laws. The words that are scolding, criticism and curses are common for her. Why they beat their wings? The curses beat the heart and the soul of the woman and her parents as well.

She crouched, as usual, on the floor
beside the stove,
When the man came home
she did not look into his face
nor raise her head; but bent
her back a little more.
Nothing gave her the right
to speak.

            `Why is it as usual? Because it’s a common and regular thing that she crouches whenever she is humiliated behind the stove and feels herself never counter her in-laws. Generally women, married, will get energy when they are with husband but here he too unfriendly with her. Hence she bent her back little more when he enters the scene. Even she doesn’t speak as she has not got any right to do so.

She watched the flame hiss up
and beat against the cheap old pot,
a wing of brightness
against its blackened cheek.

            This stanza reveals that they are middle class family and stimulates the protagonist to think over her situation. The flame’s hiss up may be compared to the in-law’s unfriendly nature and the torture she faced and the cheap old pot is the woman herself.

This was the house she had been sent to,
the man she had been bound to,
the future she had been born into.

            This stanza tells that she is in deep thought on her situation. How she was sent to this house, the man she married to and the future she has to be. Now she is serious about her future.

So when the kerosene was thrown
(just a moment of surprise,
A brilliant spark)
It was the only choice
that she had ever known.

            This stanza is typically organized by the poetess. It deals with the ending life of the antagonist. The first line in this stanza is written in passive form without the doer of the action. Whether kerosene is thrown by in-laws or herself is not clear. Here the kerosene was thrown but we couldn’t find who did it. The poetess let the reader to interpret. If it is thrown herself why the word ‘surprise’ is used? If it is by in-laws, why ‘the only choice’ is used? It is to be imagined by the reader’s perception.

Another torch, blazing in the dark.
Another woman.
We shield our faces from the heat.

            This stanza concludes the poetry. It says that another woman is burnt to cinders in the dark. The phrase ‘in the dark’ tells that it is concealed and unknown to others for how it is happened. The phrase ‘Another Woman’ depicts that there happened the same for many women in the past and now one more and how many yet to be. But the people around shield themselves that they do know nothing about it even it’s happened after their house. We, the society, never feel guilt and ashamed of it.

            Typically this poem dealt with the hardships of the middle class women rights even not to speak. It is really a fantastic poem in the field of poetry in feminism. But there must be a different ending rather losing another woman. She has to give hope for the women to face the situation at least becoming a rival at the end I suppose.

            Thanks for reading.
                                                                        - Harinath Vemula for www.english143.in



Interpretation and critical appreciation of the poem “Another Woman”
by Harinath Vemula

Another Woman (Imtiaz Dharkar)
This morning she bought green 'methi'
in the market, choosing the freshest bunch;
picked up a white radish,
imagined the crunch it would make
between her teeth, the sweet sharp taste,
then put it aside, thinking it
an extravagance, counted her coins
out carefully, tied them, a small bundle
into her sari at the waist;
came home, faced her mother-in-law's
dark looks, took
the leaves and chopped them,
her hands stained yellow from the juice;
cut an onion, fine and cooked
the whole thing in the pot
over the stove,
shielding her face from the heat.
The usual words came and beat
their wings against her: the money spent,
curses heaped upon her parents,
who had sent her out
to darken other people's doors.
She crouched, as usual, on the floor
beside the stove,
When the man came home
she did not look into his face
nor raise her head; but bent
her back a little more.
Nothing gave her the right
to speak.
She watched the flame hiss up
and beat against the cheap old pot,
a wing of brightness
against its blackened cheek.
This was the house she had been sent to,
the man she had been bound to,
the future she had been born into.
So when the kerosene was thrown
(just a moment of surprise,
A brilliant spark)
It was the only choice
that she had ever known.
Another torch, blazing in the dark.
Another woman.
We shield our faces from the heat.
Interpretation and critical appreciation of the poem “Another Woman”
by Harinath Vemula
           
            This is the poem that might have written in 80’s or 90’s. It was written by Imtiaz Dharkar, a famous poetess. She is a feminist. Usually poetry is written when the poet feels something, a thing, a person, an incident etc. Here the poetess might have felt sorry for the women being discriminated and harassed by in-laws and others at that time. But it is evident to day itself. Hence the poem reflects the hardships and discrimination that the women have been facing all the way.
           
            This poem depicts the scene of the woman life after marriage at in-law’s house. The reasons might be different for the torture she faced. In 19th and 20th century such incidents were common in the middle class families. Now the education might have given women a better life. But the gender discrimination and harassment on woman is an evident now a day too. But it has taken some other ways.

            Regarding the poem it is completed in few stanzas.

            This morning she bought green 'methi'
in the market, choosing the freshest bunch;

The first two lines of the poem talk about the selection of the freshest bunch of the green methi in the market. Here it is common that everyone love to buy fresh vegetable for meal. Sometimes it might be happened that to buy some stale or damaged vegetable. But here for this antagonist of the poem is to be more careful for her buying because she is to answer for what she bought.
picked up a white radish,
imagined the crunch it would make
between her teeth, the sweet sharp taste,
then put it aside, thinking it an extravagance,

Usually it is common to buy vegetable for the food to eat. You can recall that buying of carrot to eat raw. But in this poem the woman thought that it was an extravagance. She just imagined the crunch of the white radish and the sweet sharp taste when it is tasted. And she did not buy the radish. Here we have to think it over. Why did she think of extravagance? Is it really extravagance to buy a radish? Is the family of the woman too poor to buy a white radish? Is she worried of buying at her will? Did she have any financial right to buy it? Here I think she might have not gotten any financial freedom in her in-law’s home. She might have frightened for the consequences to face if she bought it. Hence she thought that it was an extravagance.

counted her coins
out carefully, tied them, a small bundle
into her sari at the waist;

            Do you consider the coins more worthy when you visit a market? No, we don’t worry about the coins we just put them in pocket casually. Why do you think she counted the coins carefully? Yes, she might have not got any financial freedom to do at her will. She might be responsible for every coin she brought and spent. Hence she would be afraid of losing anything and counted them carefully and placed them securely.

came home, faced her mother-in-law's
dark looks, took

            These lines reveal why she worried in the market and just imagined the taste and crunch of the white radish rather than buying it. The dark looks suggest that her mother in-law was angry, unfriendly and suspicion her daughter-in-law. The reason for this might be the less dowry she brought, illiteracy of the people, gender bias, ego of the people etc. Think of the other possible reasons for mother-in-law’s dark looks.

the leaves and chopped them,
her hands stained yellow from the juice;
cut an onion, fine and cooked
the whole thing in the pot
over the stove,
shielding her face from the heat.

            These lines tell us that she is quite skillful in cooking things. But naturally women are delicate physically than the men. Hence she’s shielding her face from the heat of the stove physically and the heat of the mental torture she’s facing.

The usual words came and beat
their wings against her: the money spent,
curses heaped upon her parents,
who had sent her out
to darken other people's doors.

            Why these usual? That reveals that it is a routine and regular thing that she has to face such humiliation everyday from her in-laws. The words that are scolding, criticism and curses are common for her. Why they beat their wings? The curses beat the heart and the soul of the woman and her parents as well.

She crouched, as usual, on the floor
beside the stove,
When the man came home
she did not look into his face
nor raise her head; but bent
her back a little more.
Nothing gave her the right
to speak.

            `Why is it as usual? Because it’s a common and regular thing that she crouches whenever she is humiliated behind the stove and feels herself never counter her in-laws. Generally women, married, will get energy when they are with husband but here he too unfriendly with her. Hence she bent her back little more when he enters the scene. Even she doesn’t speak as she has not got any right to do so.

She watched the flame hiss up
and beat against the cheap old pot,
a wing of brightness
against its blackened cheek.

            This stanza reveals that they are middle class family and stimulates the protagonist to think over her situation. The flame’s hiss up may be compared to the in-law’s unfriendly nature and the torture she faced and the cheap old pot is the woman herself.

This was the house she had been sent to,
the man she had been bound to,
the future she had been born into.

            This stanza tells that she is in deep thought on her situation. How she was sent to this house, the man she married to and the future she has to be. Now she is serious about her future.

So when the kerosene was thrown
(just a moment of surprise,
A brilliant spark)
It was the only choice
that she had ever known.

            This stanza is typically organized by the poetess. It deals with the ending life of the antagonist. The first line in this stanza is written in passive form without the doer of the action. Whether kerosene is thrown by in-laws or herself is not clear. Here the kerosene was thrown but we couldn’t find who did it. The poetess let the reader to interpret. If it is thrown herself why the word ‘surprise’ is used? If it is by in-laws, why ‘the only choice’ is used? It is to be imagined by the reader’s perception.

Another torch, blazing in the dark.
Another woman.
We shield our faces from the heat.

            This stanza concludes the poetry. It says that another woman is burnt to cinders in the dark. The phrase ‘in the dark’ tells that it is concealed and unknown to others for how it is happened. The phrase ‘Another Woman’ depicts that there happened the same for many women in the past and now one more and how many yet to be. But the people around shield themselves that they do know nothing about it even it’s happened after their house. We, the society, never feel guilt and ashamed of it.

            Typically this poem dealt with the hardships of the middle class women rights even not to speak. It is really a fantastic poem in the field of poetry in feminism. But there must be a different ending rather losing another woman. She has to give hope for the women to face the situation at least becoming a rival at the end I suppose.

            Thanks for reading.
                                                                        - Harinath Vemula for www.english143.in


August 07, 2019

FREE BOOKS OF ENGLISH ON DIFFERENT ASPECTS

FREE BOOKS OF ENGLISH ON DIFFERENT ASPECTS


                                                     Here are some books (pdf) files given. They are really useful and helps in teaching English better for our classroom. These are all got on an international group chat sharing. Thanks for the compiler for the pain taken for us. Hope you will find them useful. All together they are just 110 MB only. Click the below links to download the files.









FREE BOOKS OF ENGLISH ON DIFFERENT ASPECTS


                                                     Here are some books (pdf) files given. They are really useful and helps in teaching English better for our classroom. These are all got on an international group chat sharing. Thanks for the compiler for the pain taken for us. Hope you will find them useful. All together they are just 110 MB only. Click the below links to download the files.









July 30, 2019

FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT (SLIP TEST) - 1 QUESTION PAPERS

FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT 
(SLIP TEST) - 1 QUESTION PAPERS



Here are the model slip tests for English. Click the links and download the pdf files for FA1 2019-20.

FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT 
(SLIP TEST) - 1 QUESTION PAPERS



Here are the model slip tests for English. Click the links and download the pdf files for FA1 2019-20.

July 20, 2019

I WILL DO IT (A COMPLETE MATERIAL)

1-c   I WILL DO IT


A) GLOSSARY according to the context of "I Will Do It"
Word
Parts of speech
Meaning
grasp
noun
a sudden, short intake of breath
avid
adj
showing great enthusiasm for or interest in
aspirant
noun
a person who aspires, one who seeks or desires a career,advancement, status, etc.
sleepy
adj
quiet / without bustle of activity
ultimate
adj
highest, not subsidiary
D-Day
noun
any day of special significance, as one marking an importantevent or goal
imply
noun
(of words) to signify or mean
circumstances
noun
Usually circumstances. the existing conditions or state of affairssurrounding and affecting an agent
bitter
adj
hard to bear; grievous; distressful
introvert
noun
a shy person
drizzle
verb
to rain gently and steadily in fine drops; sprinkle
legally
adv
permitted by law, lawfully
ethically
adj
pertaining to,or dealing with morals or the principles of morality;pertaining to right and wrong in conduct
pioneer
noun
one who is first or among the earliest in any field of inquiry, enterprise,or progress
philanthropist
noun
one who devotes his sevice or wealth for the love of mankind
motto
noun
a maxim adopted as an expression of the guiding principle of a person, organization, city, etc.


B) List of ANTONYMS and SYNONYMS from  "I Will Do It"
Word
Parts of speech
Synonym(s)
Antonym(S)
short
adj
small, thick, tiny
tall, lengthy
sharp
adj
perceptive, quick-witted, bright, brilliant, intelligent, smart
dull, normal, stupid, unintelligent
bright
adj
brilliant, sharp, smart
dull, slow, stupid, unintelligent
senior
adj
elder, leading
junior
difficulty
noun
adversity, complication, crisis, hardship, hazard, trouble
advantage, blessing
unnoticed
adj
unseen, ignored, overlooked, undiscovered, unrecognized
noted, noticed, seen
crowd
noun
crew, group, mass, mob, party, people
individual, one, single
spark
noun
flash, flare, gleam, glitter, glow, sparkle
dullness
faster
adj
speedy, brisk, quick, rapid, swift
slow
avid
adj
enthusiastic, eager, keen, zealous
apathetic, quenched disinterested,
entrance
noun
access, entry
exit
friend
noun
acquaintance, ally, buddy
foe, enemy, stranger
appear
verb
arrive, come, emerge
diappear, conceal, abandon, leave
special
adj
distinguished, distinctive, significant, specific, uique, unusual
common, familiar, normal, ordinary, OK
aspirant
adj
applicant, candidate, contestant
amateur
sleepy
adj
quiet, silent
noisy
ultimate
adj
best, greatest, utmost, superlative
inferior, lowest
aim
noun
goal, ambition, aspiration, desire, intent, purpose, target
aimlessness
struggle
verb
cope, strive, tackle, toil, try
idle, neglect
opposite
noun
antithesis, contrary, antonym
same, similarity, likeness
imply
verb
indicate, mean, signify
define, state
hurt
adj
agonized, bruised, tortured
pleased
excellent
adj
superior, wonderful, magnificent, outstanding, exceptional, superb
bad, common, ordinary, poor
delight
noun
enjoyment, happiness, joy, pleasure
discontent, unhappiness, dissatisfaction
thrilled
adj
excited, elated
bored
bitter
adj
painful, distressing, cruel, harsh
pleasant
truth
noun
reality, validity, fact
falsehood, flaw
fond
adj
affectionate, adoring, loving
hating
sorrow
noun
grief, agony, misery, mourning, worry
blessing, cheer, happiness, joyfulness, pleasure
introvert
noun
loner, solitary
extrovert
angry
adj
enraged, annoyed, furious
peaceful, calm, cool
excited
adj
eager, thrilled, delighted
unexcited, calm
aware
adj
knowledgeable, awake, mindful
ignorant,unaware
comfort
noun
ease, contentment, amenity
discomfort, discontent, displeaure
legally
adv
constitutionally, lawfully
illegally, unlawfully
ethically
adv
decently, properly
unethically
equally
adv
fairly, evenly, equitably
unequally, unevenly
uncompromising
adj
determined, rigid
flexible, compromising



D) Comprehension Questions:


Note: Read the passage, ‘Attitude is Altitude’ in your text book and answer the following questions in about two sentences in your notebook. (Try and discuss with your friends)
1.    What do Murthy’s seniors ask him to do?
……………………………………………………………………………………
2.    He could have gone unnoticed in a crowd. Why?
……………………………………………………………………………………
3.    There was a spark in his eyes. When and why?
……………………………………………………………………………………
4.    How fast could he grasp the theories of science?
……………………………………………………………………………………
5.    He prepared for an entrance test. What was it?
……………………………………………………………………………………
6.    What is the ultimate aim of a bright student?
……………………………………………………………………………………
7.    Expand IIT and IT.
……………………………………………………………………………………
8.    If your father rejects you to join in a college you like after your class 10, what will you do?
……………………………………………………………………………………
9.    Narayana Murthy is a bright student. Do you agree? Find some supporting statements from the passage.
……………………………………………………………………………………
10. What kind of a student are you? What’s your ultimate aim?
……………………………………………………………………………………
11. Is it really difficult for his father to send Murthy to IIT? Why?
……………………………………………………………………………………
12. He had to tell the bitter truth to his son. Who was the father? Who was the son? What was the truth?
……………………………………………………………………………………
13. His heart sank in sorrow. Whose heart sank in sorrow? Why?
……………………………………………………………………………………
14. Are you an introvert or an extravert? How do you say?
……………………………………………………………………………………
15. He did not reply his father. Why?
……………………………………………………………………………………
16. Why did Murthy go to railway station?
……………………………………………………………………………………
17. Who is a philanthropist?
……………………………………………………………………………………
18. What do you learn from Murthy’s life?
……………………………………………………………………………………
19. ‘Your best friend is yourself and your worst enemy is yourself.’ How?
……………………………………………………………………………………
20. What do you think the reason behind Murthy’s success despite facing difficulties?
……………………………………………………………………………………
E) VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR: (Qn. 13-17 Editing)
Note: (Paper – 1 Questions 13-17) Read the passage given below. Five sentences in the passage are numbered 13 to 17 at the beginning. Each of these sentences has an error. Correct them and re-write the sentences. (Try and discuss with your friends)
Exercise 1:

13) He was shortest. He was sharp. He was the brightest boy in his class. 14) His seniors used to ask him to solve her difficulties in science. He could have gone unnoticed in a crowd, but once you asked him a question related to Physics or Maths, there was a spark in his eyes. 15) He could grasped theories of science faster than the speed of light.

16) He came from a poor but education family. His father was a high-school teacher and an avid reader of English literature. He, like all the boys in his class, was trying to get admission into some engineering college. 17) The brighter ones wanted to study learn in the Indian Institutes of Technology, or the IITs.
13.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
14.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
15.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
16.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
17.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Exercise 2:

13) There was a entrance test for IIT. 14) This boy, along with his friends, applied to for appear the test. 15) They did not had any special books or coaching. All these IIT aspirants would sit below the shade of a stone mandap close to Chamundi Hills in the sleepy town of Mysore. 16) He was the guide the others. While the others struggled to solve the problems in the question paper, he would smile shyly and solve them in no time. 17) He sit alone below a tree and dreamt of studying at IIT. It was the ultimate aim for any bright boy at that age, as it still is today. He was then only sixteen years old.
13.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
14.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
15.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
16.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
17.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Exercise 3:

The D-Day came. 13) He came to Bangalore, stayed with some relatives and appeared for the test entrance. 14) He did very well good but would only say 'OK' when asked. It was the opposite when it came to food. When he said 'OK' it implied 'bad', when he said 'good' it implied 'OK', when he said 'excellent' it implied 'good'. 15) His principle was ever to hurt anyone.

The IIT entrance results came. 16) He had pass with a high rank. What a delight for any student! He was thrilled. 17) He went to his father which was reading a newspaper.
13.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
14.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
15.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
16.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
17.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Exercise 4:

13) His father stopped read the paper. He lifted his head, looked at the boy and said with a heavy voice, 'My son, you are a bright boy. 14) You no our financial position. 15) I have five daughter to be married off and three sons to educate. I am a salaried person. 16) I cannot afford expenses your at IIT. 17) You can stay in Mysore and study as many as you want.'
13.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
14.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
15.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
16.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
17.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Exercise 5:

13) Indeed it was a difficult situation for any father to say 'know' to his bright son. But circumstances were like that. 14) It was common then for the man to be the single earning member with a large family dependent in him. 15) His father was sad that he had to told the bitter truth to his son. 16) But it not could be helped. The boy had to understand reality. The teenager was disappointed. 17) It seemed his dreams had burn to ashes. He was so near to fulfilling his fondest hope, yet so far. His heart sank in sorrow.
13.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
14.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
15.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
16.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
17.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Exercise 6:

            He did not reply. 13) He never shared his unhappiness or helplessness  anybody. He was an introvert by nature. 14) His heart was bleeding and he did not get angry with anybody. 15) The day coming. His classmates were leaving for Madras (now Chennai). 16) They were taking a train from Mysore Madras. They have shared good years in school and college together. 17) He went to the station to saying goodbye and good luck to them for their future life.
13.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
14.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
15.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
16.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
17.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Exercise 7:

He did not reply. He only wished all of them. They waved at him as the train slowly left the platform. 13) He stood there even after he could no longer saw the train or the waving hands. It was the June of 1962 in Mysore city. 14) Monsoon had set in and it was get dark. It had started to drizzle. 15) Yet stood he there motionless.

15) He said to himself, without anger or jealousy, 'All students from the IITs study well but do big things in life. 16) But it is not the institution; ultimately it is you and you alone who can change you life by hard work.' 17) Probably was he not aware that he was following the philosophy of the Bhagavath Gita: 'Your best friend is yourself and your worst enemy is yourself.'
13.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
14.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
15.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
16.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
17.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Exercise 8:

13) Later he worked hard very, and focused on one thing, never bothering about his personal life or comforts. 14) He shared her wealth with others. He never used the help of any caste, community or political connections to go up in life. 15) A son of a school teacher showed other Indians it were possible to earn wealth legally and ethically. He built a team of people who were equally good.

16) He becoming a pioneer of India's software industry and started the Information Technology wave. 17) Today he has become a icon of simplicity, uncompromising quality and fairness, apart from being a philanthropist. He really believes in the motto, 'Powered by intellect and driven by values'.
13.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
14.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
15.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
16.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
17.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
F) VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR: (qn. 18-22 Cloze test)
Note: (Paper – 1 Questions 18-22) Complete the following passage choosing the right words from those given in the box. Write the answers in your answer booklet.  (Try and discuss with your friends)
Exercise 1:
related        differences          difficulties        lighting          spark       short      brightest

     He was…….. (18). He was sharp. He was the ……….. (19) boy in his class. His seniors used to ask him to solve their ………. (20) in science. He could have gone unnoticed in a crowd, but once you asked him a question …….. (21) to Physics or Maths, there was a ………. (22) in his eyes. He could grasp theories of science faster than the speed of light.
Exercise 2:
engineering            to             from        extra        trying        educated      avid

He came ……… (18) a poor but …….  (19) family. His father was a high-school teacher and an ……… (20) reader of English literature. He, like all the boys in his class, was ……… (21) to get admission into some ………….. (22) college. The brighter ones wanted to study in the Indian Institutes of Technology, or the IITs.
Exercise 3:
implied       Bangalore     opposite       Mysore      food       appeared          admitted
      The D-Day came. He came to …….. (18) , stayed with some relatives and ……… (19) for the entrance test. He did very well but would only say 'OK' when asked. It was the ……… (20) when it came to…… (21) . When he said 'OK' it ………. (22) 'bad', when he said 'good' it implied 'OK', when he said 'excellent' it implied 'good'. His principle was never to hurt anyone.
Exercise 3:
lifted         afford       expenditure       bright        small        heavy          reading
     His father stopped ………. (18) the paper. He ……. (19) his head, looked at the boy and said with a ………. (20) voice, 'My son, you are a …….. (21) boy. You know our financial position. I have five daughters to be married off and three sons to educate. I am a salaried person. I cannot ……… (22) your expenses at IIT. You can stay in Mysore and study as much as you want.'
Exercise 4:
chirping          chuckling           silently       excited       noticed      already        tired
     At the station, his friends were ………. (18) there. They were ………. (19) and talking loudly. The noise was like the ……… (20) of birds. They were all excited and discussing their new hostels, new courses etc. He was not part of it. So, he stood there……….. (21). One of them ………. (22) and said, 'You should have made it.'
Exercise 5:
yourself        bothering        following            your      worst          aware        philosophy
     Probably he was not ………… (18) that he was following the ……….. (19) of the Bhagavath Gita: 'Your best friend is ……….. (20) and your ………. (21) enemy is yourself.' Later he worked very hard, and focused on one thing, never ……….. (22) about his personal life or comforts. He shared his wealth with others. He never used the help of any caste, community or political connections to go up in life.
Exercise 6:
values           mercenary          icon        intellect           philanthropist             pioneer       ironman
     He became a …………. (18) of India's software industry and started the Information Technology wave. Today he has become an ………… (19) of simplicity, uncompromising quality and fairness, apart from being a………. (20). He really believes in the motto, 'Powered by ……… (21) and driven by ……………. (22)'. He is none other than Nagavara Ramarao Narayana Murthy, the founder of Infosys, a leading IT company in the world.

G) VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR: (qn. 23-27 Rewrite as directed)
Note: (Paper – 1 Questions 23-27) Some words in the given passage are underlined. Rewrite them as directed in your answer booklet.  (Try and discuss with your friends)
Exercise 1:
He was short (23). He was sharp. He was the bright (24) boy in his class. His seniors used to ask him to solve their difficulties (25) in science. He could have gone unnoticed in a crowd, but once you asked him a question related to Physics or Maths, there was a spark in his eyes. He could grasp theories of science faster than the speed of light.
He came from a poor and (26) educated family. His father was a high-school teacher and an avid (27) reader of English literature. He, like all the boys in his class, was trying to get admission into some engineering college. The brighter ones wanted to study in the Indian Institutes of Technology, or the IITs.
23.  Write the antonym of the underlined word.
……………………………………………………………………………………
24.  Replace the word with right form of underlined adjective.
……………………………………………………………………………………
25.  Write a synonym of the underlined word.
……………………………………………………………………………………
26.  Replace the conjunction with suitable one.
……………………………………………………………………………………
27.  Write the meaning of the underlined word
……………………………………………………………………………………
Exercise 2:
There was an entrance (23) test for IIT. This boy, along with his friends, applied to appear for the test. They did not have any special books or coaching. All these IIT aspirants would sit below the shade of a stone mandap close to Chamundi Hills in the sleepy town of Mysore. He was the guider (24) for the others. While the others struggled to solve the problems in the question paper, he would smile shyly and solve them in no time. He sat alone below a tree and dreamt of studying at IIT. It was the ultimate aim (25) for any bright boy at that age, as it still is today. He was then only sixteen years old.
The D-Day came. He came to Bangalore, stayed with some relatives and appeared for the entrance test. He did very well but would only say 'OK' when asked. It was the contrary (26) when it came to food. When he said 'OK' it implied 'bad', when he said 'good' it implied 'OK', when he said 'excellent' it implication (27) 'good'. His principle was never to hurt anyone.
23.  Write the antonym of the underlined word.
……………………………………………………………………………………
24.  Replace the word with right form of underlined.
……………………………………………………………………………………
25.  Write a synonym of the underlined word.
……………………………………………………………………………………
26.  Replace the word with other that gives the same meaning.
……………………………………………………………………………………
27.  Write the right form of the word
……………………………………………………………………………………

Exercise 3:
The IIT entrance results came. He had passed with a high rank. What a delight (23) for any student! He was thrilled (24). He went to his father who was reading a newspaper.
Anna, I have passed the exam.’
‘Well done, my boy.’
‘I want to join IIT.’
His father stopped reading a (25) paper. He lifted his head, looked at the boy and said with a heavy voice, 'My son, you are a bright boy. You know our financial position. I have five daughters to be married off and three sons to educate. I am a salaried person. I cannot afford your expenses at IIT. You can stay in Mysore and study as much as you want.'
Indeed it was a difficulty (26) situation for any father to say 'no' to his bright son. But circumstances were like that. It was common then for the man to be the single earning member with a large family dependent (27) on him.
23.  Write the antonym of the underlined word.
……………………………………………………………………………………
24.  Write a synonym of the underlined word.
……………………………………………………………………………………
25.  Replace the article with correct one.
……………………………………………………………………………………
26.  Write the right form of the word.
……………………………………………………………………………………
27.  Write the antonym of the underlined word
……………………………………………………………………………………
Exercise 4:
His father was sad that he had to tell the bitter (23) truth to his son. But it could not be helped. The boy had to understanding (24) reality.
The teenager was disappointed. It seemed his dreams had burnt to ashes. He was so near to fulfilling his fondest (25) hope, yet so far. His heart sank in sorrow. He did not reply. He never shared his unhappiness or helplessness with anybody. He was an introvert (26) by nature. His heart was bleeding but he did not get angry with anybody.
The day came. His classmates were leaving for Madras (now Chennai). They were taking a train from Mysore in (27) Madras. They have shared good years in school and college together. He went to the station to say goodbye and good luck to them for their future life.
23.  Write the synonym of the underlined word.
24.  Replace the word with correct form.
……………………………………………………………………………………
25.  Write the positive degree of the adjective underlined.
……………………………………………………………………………………
26.  Write the meaning of the word.
……………………………………………………………………………………
27.  Replace the preposition with right one.
……………………………………………………………………………………
Exercise 5:
A son of a school teacher showed other Indians it was possible to earn wealth legally (23) and ethically. He built a team of people who were equally good.
He became a pioneer (24) of India's software industry and started the Information Technology wave. Today he has become an symbol (25) of simplicity, uncompromising quality and fairness, apart from being a philanthropist (26). He really believes in the motto, 'Powered by intellecting (27) and driven by values'.
23.  Write the opposite word of the underlined.
……………………………………………………………………………………
24.  Write the meaning of the word.
……………………………………………………………………………………
25.  Replace the word with a synonym that best fits in the sentence.
……………………………………………………………………………………
26.  Write the meaning of the word.
……………………………………………………………………………………
27.  Replace the right form of the word.
……………………………………………………………………………………

1-c   I WILL DO IT


A) GLOSSARY according to the context of "I Will Do It"
Word
Parts of speech
Meaning
grasp
noun
a sudden, short intake of breath
avid
adj
showing great enthusiasm for or interest in
aspirant
noun
a person who aspires, one who seeks or desires a career,advancement, status, etc.
sleepy
adj
quiet / without bustle of activity
ultimate
adj
highest, not subsidiary
D-Day
noun
any day of special significance, as one marking an importantevent or goal
imply
noun
(of words) to signify or mean
circumstances
noun
Usually circumstances. the existing conditions or state of affairssurrounding and affecting an agent
bitter
adj
hard to bear; grievous; distressful
introvert
noun
a shy person
drizzle
verb
to rain gently and steadily in fine drops; sprinkle
legally
adv
permitted by law, lawfully
ethically
adj
pertaining to,or dealing with morals or the principles of morality;pertaining to right and wrong in conduct
pioneer
noun
one who is first or among the earliest in any field of inquiry, enterprise,or progress
philanthropist
noun
one who devotes his sevice or wealth for the love of mankind
motto
noun
a maxim adopted as an expression of the guiding principle of a person, organization, city, etc.


B) List of ANTONYMS and SYNONYMS from  "I Will Do It"
Word
Parts of speech
Synonym(s)
Antonym(S)
short
adj
small, thick, tiny
tall, lengthy
sharp
adj
perceptive, quick-witted, bright, brilliant, intelligent, smart
dull, normal, stupid, unintelligent
bright
adj
brilliant, sharp, smart
dull, slow, stupid, unintelligent
senior
adj
elder, leading
junior
difficulty
noun
adversity, complication, crisis, hardship, hazard, trouble
advantage, blessing
unnoticed
adj
unseen, ignored, overlooked, undiscovered, unrecognized
noted, noticed, seen
crowd
noun
crew, group, mass, mob, party, people
individual, one, single
spark
noun
flash, flare, gleam, glitter, glow, sparkle
dullness
faster
adj
speedy, brisk, quick, rapid, swift
slow
avid
adj
enthusiastic, eager, keen, zealous
apathetic, quenched disinterested,
entrance
noun
access, entry
exit
friend
noun
acquaintance, ally, buddy
foe, enemy, stranger
appear
verb
arrive, come, emerge
diappear, conceal, abandon, leave
special
adj
distinguished, distinctive, significant, specific, uique, unusual
common, familiar, normal, ordinary, OK
aspirant
adj
applicant, candidate, contestant
amateur
sleepy
adj
quiet, silent
noisy
ultimate
adj
best, greatest, utmost, superlative
inferior, lowest
aim
noun
goal, ambition, aspiration, desire, intent, purpose, target
aimlessness
struggle
verb
cope, strive, tackle, toil, try
idle, neglect
opposite
noun
antithesis, contrary, antonym
same, similarity, likeness
imply
verb
indicate, mean, signify
define, state
hurt
adj
agonized, bruised, tortured
pleased
excellent
adj
superior, wonderful, magnificent, outstanding, exceptional, superb
bad, common, ordinary, poor
delight
noun
enjoyment, happiness, joy, pleasure
discontent, unhappiness, dissatisfaction
thrilled
adj
excited, elated
bored
bitter
adj
painful, distressing, cruel, harsh
pleasant
truth
noun
reality, validity, fact
falsehood, flaw
fond
adj
affectionate, adoring, loving
hating
sorrow
noun
grief, agony, misery, mourning, worry
blessing, cheer, happiness, joyfulness, pleasure
introvert
noun
loner, solitary
extrovert
angry
adj
enraged, annoyed, furious
peaceful, calm, cool
excited
adj
eager, thrilled, delighted
unexcited, calm
aware
adj
knowledgeable, awake, mindful
ignorant,unaware
comfort
noun
ease, contentment, amenity
discomfort, discontent, displeaure
legally
adv
constitutionally, lawfully
illegally, unlawfully
ethically
adv
decently, properly
unethically
equally
adv
fairly, evenly, equitably
unequally, unevenly
uncompromising
adj
determined, rigid
flexible, compromising



D) Comprehension Questions:


Note: Read the passage, ‘Attitude is Altitude’ in your text book and answer the following questions in about two sentences in your notebook. (Try and discuss with your friends)
1.    What do Murthy’s seniors ask him to do?
……………………………………………………………………………………
2.    He could have gone unnoticed in a crowd. Why?
……………………………………………………………………………………
3.    There was a spark in his eyes. When and why?
……………………………………………………………………………………
4.    How fast could he grasp the theories of science?
……………………………………………………………………………………
5.    He prepared for an entrance test. What was it?
……………………………………………………………………………………
6.    What is the ultimate aim of a bright student?
……………………………………………………………………………………
7.    Expand IIT and IT.
……………………………………………………………………………………
8.    If your father rejects you to join in a college you like after your class 10, what will you do?
……………………………………………………………………………………
9.    Narayana Murthy is a bright student. Do you agree? Find some supporting statements from the passage.
……………………………………………………………………………………
10. What kind of a student are you? What’s your ultimate aim?
……………………………………………………………………………………
11. Is it really difficult for his father to send Murthy to IIT? Why?
……………………………………………………………………………………
12. He had to tell the bitter truth to his son. Who was the father? Who was the son? What was the truth?
……………………………………………………………………………………
13. His heart sank in sorrow. Whose heart sank in sorrow? Why?
……………………………………………………………………………………
14. Are you an introvert or an extravert? How do you say?
……………………………………………………………………………………
15. He did not reply his father. Why?
……………………………………………………………………………………
16. Why did Murthy go to railway station?
……………………………………………………………………………………
17. Who is a philanthropist?
……………………………………………………………………………………
18. What do you learn from Murthy’s life?
……………………………………………………………………………………
19. ‘Your best friend is yourself and your worst enemy is yourself.’ How?
……………………………………………………………………………………
20. What do you think the reason behind Murthy’s success despite facing difficulties?
……………………………………………………………………………………
E) VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR: (Qn. 13-17 Editing)
Note: (Paper – 1 Questions 13-17) Read the passage given below. Five sentences in the passage are numbered 13 to 17 at the beginning. Each of these sentences has an error. Correct them and re-write the sentences. (Try and discuss with your friends)
Exercise 1:

13) He was shortest. He was sharp. He was the brightest boy in his class. 14) His seniors used to ask him to solve her difficulties in science. He could have gone unnoticed in a crowd, but once you asked him a question related to Physics or Maths, there was a spark in his eyes. 15) He could grasped theories of science faster than the speed of light.

16) He came from a poor but education family. His father was a high-school teacher and an avid reader of English literature. He, like all the boys in his class, was trying to get admission into some engineering college. 17) The brighter ones wanted to study learn in the Indian Institutes of Technology, or the IITs.
13.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
14.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
15.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
16.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
17.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Exercise 2:

13) There was a entrance test for IIT. 14) This boy, along with his friends, applied to for appear the test. 15) They did not had any special books or coaching. All these IIT aspirants would sit below the shade of a stone mandap close to Chamundi Hills in the sleepy town of Mysore. 16) He was the guide the others. While the others struggled to solve the problems in the question paper, he would smile shyly and solve them in no time. 17) He sit alone below a tree and dreamt of studying at IIT. It was the ultimate aim for any bright boy at that age, as it still is today. He was then only sixteen years old.
13.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
14.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
15.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
16.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
17.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Exercise 3:

The D-Day came. 13) He came to Bangalore, stayed with some relatives and appeared for the test entrance. 14) He did very well good but would only say 'OK' when asked. It was the opposite when it came to food. When he said 'OK' it implied 'bad', when he said 'good' it implied 'OK', when he said 'excellent' it implied 'good'. 15) His principle was ever to hurt anyone.

The IIT entrance results came. 16) He had pass with a high rank. What a delight for any student! He was thrilled. 17) He went to his father which was reading a newspaper.
13.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
14.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
15.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
16.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
17.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Exercise 4:

13) His father stopped read the paper. He lifted his head, looked at the boy and said with a heavy voice, 'My son, you are a bright boy. 14) You no our financial position. 15) I have five daughter to be married off and three sons to educate. I am a salaried person. 16) I cannot afford expenses your at IIT. 17) You can stay in Mysore and study as many as you want.'
13.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
14.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
15.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
16.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
17.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Exercise 5:

13) Indeed it was a difficult situation for any father to say 'know' to his bright son. But circumstances were like that. 14) It was common then for the man to be the single earning member with a large family dependent in him. 15) His father was sad that he had to told the bitter truth to his son. 16) But it not could be helped. The boy had to understand reality. The teenager was disappointed. 17) It seemed his dreams had burn to ashes. He was so near to fulfilling his fondest hope, yet so far. His heart sank in sorrow.
13.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
14.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
15.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
16.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
17.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Exercise 6:

            He did not reply. 13) He never shared his unhappiness or helplessness  anybody. He was an introvert by nature. 14) His heart was bleeding and he did not get angry with anybody. 15) The day coming. His classmates were leaving for Madras (now Chennai). 16) They were taking a train from Mysore Madras. They have shared good years in school and college together. 17) He went to the station to saying goodbye and good luck to them for their future life.
13.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
14.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
15.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
16.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
17.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Exercise 7:

He did not reply. He only wished all of them. They waved at him as the train slowly left the platform. 13) He stood there even after he could no longer saw the train or the waving hands. It was the June of 1962 in Mysore city. 14) Monsoon had set in and it was get dark. It had started to drizzle. 15) Yet stood he there motionless.

15) He said to himself, without anger or jealousy, 'All students from the IITs study well but do big things in life. 16) But it is not the institution; ultimately it is you and you alone who can change you life by hard work.' 17) Probably was he not aware that he was following the philosophy of the Bhagavath Gita: 'Your best friend is yourself and your worst enemy is yourself.'
13.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
14.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
15.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
16.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
17.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Exercise 8:

13) Later he worked hard very, and focused on one thing, never bothering about his personal life or comforts. 14) He shared her wealth with others. He never used the help of any caste, community or political connections to go up in life. 15) A son of a school teacher showed other Indians it were possible to earn wealth legally and ethically. He built a team of people who were equally good.

16) He becoming a pioneer of India's software industry and started the Information Technology wave. 17) Today he has become a icon of simplicity, uncompromising quality and fairness, apart from being a philanthropist. He really believes in the motto, 'Powered by intellect and driven by values'.
13.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
14.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
15.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
16.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
17.  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
F) VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR: (qn. 18-22 Cloze test)
Note: (Paper – 1 Questions 18-22) Complete the following passage choosing the right words from those given in the box. Write the answers in your answer booklet.  (Try and discuss with your friends)
Exercise 1:
related        differences          difficulties        lighting          spark       short      brightest

     He was…….. (18). He was sharp. He was the ……….. (19) boy in his class. His seniors used to ask him to solve their ………. (20) in science. He could have gone unnoticed in a crowd, but once you asked him a question …….. (21) to Physics or Maths, there was a ………. (22) in his eyes. He could grasp theories of science faster than the speed of light.
Exercise 2:
engineering            to             from        extra        trying        educated      avid

He came ……… (18) a poor but …….  (19) family. His father was a high-school teacher and an ……… (20) reader of English literature. He, like all the boys in his class, was ……… (21) to get admission into some ………….. (22) college. The brighter ones wanted to study in the Indian Institutes of Technology, or the IITs.
Exercise 3:
implied       Bangalore     opposite       Mysore      food       appeared          admitted
      The D-Day came. He came to …….. (18) , stayed with some relatives and ……… (19) for the entrance test. He did very well but would only say 'OK' when asked. It was the ……… (20) when it came to…… (21) . When he said 'OK' it ………. (22) 'bad', when he said 'good' it implied 'OK', when he said 'excellent' it implied 'good'. His principle was never to hurt anyone.
Exercise 3:
lifted         afford       expenditure       bright        small        heavy          reading
     His father stopped ………. (18) the paper. He ……. (19) his head, looked at the boy and said with a ………. (20) voice, 'My son, you are a …….. (21) boy. You know our financial position. I have five daughters to be married off and three sons to educate. I am a salaried person. I cannot ……… (22) your expenses at IIT. You can stay in Mysore and study as much as you want.'
Exercise 4:
chirping          chuckling           silently       excited       noticed      already        tired
     At the station, his friends were ………. (18) there. They were ………. (19) and talking loudly. The noise was like the ……… (20) of birds. They were all excited and discussing their new hostels, new courses etc. He was not part of it. So, he stood there……….. (21). One of them ………. (22) and said, 'You should have made it.'
Exercise 5:
yourself        bothering        following            your      worst          aware        philosophy
     Probably he was not ………… (18) that he was following the ……….. (19) of the Bhagavath Gita: 'Your best friend is ……….. (20) and your ………. (21) enemy is yourself.' Later he worked very hard, and focused on one thing, never ……….. (22) about his personal life or comforts. He shared his wealth with others. He never used the help of any caste, community or political connections to go up in life.
Exercise 6:
values           mercenary          icon        intellect           philanthropist             pioneer       ironman
     He became a …………. (18) of India's software industry and started the Information Technology wave. Today he has become an ………… (19) of simplicity, uncompromising quality and fairness, apart from being a………. (20). He really believes in the motto, 'Powered by ……… (21) and driven by ……………. (22)'. He is none other than Nagavara Ramarao Narayana Murthy, the founder of Infosys, a leading IT company in the world.

G) VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR: (qn. 23-27 Rewrite as directed)
Note: (Paper – 1 Questions 23-27) Some words in the given passage are underlined. Rewrite them as directed in your answer booklet.  (Try and discuss with your friends)
Exercise 1:
He was short (23). He was sharp. He was the bright (24) boy in his class. His seniors used to ask him to solve their difficulties (25) in science. He could have gone unnoticed in a crowd, but once you asked him a question related to Physics or Maths, there was a spark in his eyes. He could grasp theories of science faster than the speed of light.
He came from a poor and (26) educated family. His father was a high-school teacher and an avid (27) reader of English literature. He, like all the boys in his class, was trying to get admission into some engineering college. The brighter ones wanted to study in the Indian Institutes of Technology, or the IITs.
23.  Write the antonym of the underlined word.
……………………………………………………………………………………
24.  Replace the word with right form of underlined adjective.
……………………………………………………………………………………
25.  Write a synonym of the underlined word.
……………………………………………………………………………………
26.  Replace the conjunction with suitable one.
……………………………………………………………………………………
27.  Write the meaning of the underlined word
……………………………………………………………………………………
Exercise 2:
There was an entrance (23) test for IIT. This boy, along with his friends, applied to appear for the test. They did not have any special books or coaching. All these IIT aspirants would sit below the shade of a stone mandap close to Chamundi Hills in the sleepy town of Mysore. He was the guider (24) for the others. While the others struggled to solve the problems in the question paper, he would smile shyly and solve them in no time. He sat alone below a tree and dreamt of studying at IIT. It was the ultimate aim (25) for any bright boy at that age, as it still is today. He was then only sixteen years old.
The D-Day came. He came to Bangalore, stayed with some relatives and appeared for the entrance test. He did very well but would only say 'OK' when asked. It was the contrary (26) when it came to food. When he said 'OK' it implied 'bad', when he said 'good' it implied 'OK', when he said 'excellent' it implication (27) 'good'. His principle was never to hurt anyone.
23.  Write the antonym of the underlined word.
……………………………………………………………………………………
24.  Replace the word with right form of underlined.
……………………………………………………………………………………
25.  Write a synonym of the underlined word.
……………………………………………………………………………………
26.  Replace the word with other that gives the same meaning.
……………………………………………………………………………………
27.  Write the right form of the word
……………………………………………………………………………………

Exercise 3:
The IIT entrance results came. He had passed with a high rank. What a delight (23) for any student! He was thrilled (24). He went to his father who was reading a newspaper.
Anna, I have passed the exam.’
‘Well done, my boy.’
‘I want to join IIT.’
His father stopped reading a (25) paper. He lifted his head, looked at the boy and said with a heavy voice, 'My son, you are a bright boy. You know our financial position. I have five daughters to be married off and three sons to educate. I am a salaried person. I cannot afford your expenses at IIT. You can stay in Mysore and study as much as you want.'
Indeed it was a difficulty (26) situation for any father to say 'no' to his bright son. But circumstances were like that. It was common then for the man to be the single earning member with a large family dependent (27) on him.
23.  Write the antonym of the underlined word.
……………………………………………………………………………………
24.  Write a synonym of the underlined word.
……………………………………………………………………………………
25.  Replace the article with correct one.
……………………………………………………………………………………
26.  Write the right form of the word.
……………………………………………………………………………………
27.  Write the antonym of the underlined word
……………………………………………………………………………………
Exercise 4:
His father was sad that he had to tell the bitter (23) truth to his son. But it could not be helped. The boy had to understanding (24) reality.
The teenager was disappointed. It seemed his dreams had burnt to ashes. He was so near to fulfilling his fondest (25) hope, yet so far. His heart sank in sorrow. He did not reply. He never shared his unhappiness or helplessness with anybody. He was an introvert (26) by nature. His heart was bleeding but he did not get angry with anybody.
The day came. His classmates were leaving for Madras (now Chennai). They were taking a train from Mysore in (27) Madras. They have shared good years in school and college together. He went to the station to say goodbye and good luck to them for their future life.
23.  Write the synonym of the underlined word.
24.  Replace the word with correct form.
……………………………………………………………………………………
25.  Write the positive degree of the adjective underlined.
……………………………………………………………………………………
26.  Write the meaning of the word.
……………………………………………………………………………………
27.  Replace the preposition with right one.
……………………………………………………………………………………
Exercise 5:
A son of a school teacher showed other Indians it was possible to earn wealth legally (23) and ethically. He built a team of people who were equally good.
He became a pioneer (24) of India's software industry and started the Information Technology wave. Today he has become an symbol (25) of simplicity, uncompromising quality and fairness, apart from being a philanthropist (26). He really believes in the motto, 'Powered by intellecting (27) and driven by values'.
23.  Write the opposite word of the underlined.
……………………………………………………………………………………
24.  Write the meaning of the word.
……………………………………………………………………………………
25.  Replace the word with a synonym that best fits in the sentence.
……………………………………………………………………………………
26.  Write the meaning of the word.
……………………………………………………………………………………
27.  Replace the right form of the word.
……………………………………………………………………………………

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