November 14, 2016

PROJECT WORK supporting material for unit 5 for the class 10 English subject




PROJECT WORK SUPPORTING MATERIAL FOR CLASS 10 ENGLISH UNIT 5
Qn.  Collect information about the people who fought against social evils. Prepare a report on the difficulties and oppositions they had faced to fight against the evils. Discuss in your groups the similarities in the problems they faced and the solutions they found to tackle them. Present it before the class.
Sl No
Name of the person
Place
 Social evils they fought against
Period or the year
1
Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Hoogly
Sati, Caste Rigidity, Polygamy and Child marriages
1820-1830
2




3




4




5




6








Report for the Project:
Sl No
Name of the person
Place
 Social evils they fought against
Period or the year
1
Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Hoogly
Sati, Caste Rigidity, Polygamy and Child marriages
1820-1830
2
Swami Dayanada Saraswathi
Tenkara, Rajkot, Gujarath
Idol worship, Ritualism, Practice of animal scrifice, The idea of heaven etc
1870-1882
3
Jamnalal Bajaj
Kashi ka bas, Sikar, Rajasthan
Untouchability, Non-admission of Harijans into Hindu Temples, Indians' poverty, Freedom fighter
1920-1940
4
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
Birsingha, Parchim Midnapore, Calcutta
Women's rights, widow remarriages, polygamy, etc
1856-1890
5
Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
Mhow Contonment, Madhya Pradesh
racial discrimination, caste system, social discrimination, untouchability
1925-1950
6
Kandukuri Veereshalingam
Rajamahendravaram, Andhra Pradesh (former Madras State)
Education for women, remarriage f widows
1880-1910






Report:
            India has a rich history of social reformers who have helped establish the foundations of modern India, and in some cases, have affected a world-wide impact. They cause many social reformations in the past Indian society. They tried to reform the society and succeeded in rooting out the social evils. Most of the social reformers fought against Sati, Caste Discrimination, Polygamy, Child Marriages, Idol Worship, Practice of Animal Sacrifice, Poverty, Untouchability and for Widow Remarriages, Women’s Rights and their education. In fact they faced many difficulties and oppositions to fight against those social evils.
            Raja Ram Mohan Roy: Raja Ram Mohan Roy is remembered bringing about for women reform laws, especially law banning Sati Practice. When in 1818, some Hindus objected to guideline restricting Sati, Roy produced a counter-petition requesting government to pass a law banning sati practice. He was at loggerhead with Raja Radha Kanta Deb, who was aginst government interference in religious practice. Roy risked his personal life and started a campaign against Sati practice.
            Swami Dayanada Saraswathi: Swami Dayananda Saraswathi is well-known as the founder of the Arya Samaj, a Hindu reform movement of the Vedic tradition. He gought against the social evils such as idol worship, ritualism, practice of animals sacrifices, idea of heaven, etc. He travelled all over the country challenging religious scholars and priests to discussions and won repeatedly on the strength of his arguments based on his knowledge of Sanskrit and Vedas. He believed that Hinduism had been corrupted by divergence from the founding principles of the Vedas and that Hindus had been misled by the priesthood. Hindu priests discouraged the laity from reading Vedic scriptures and encouraged rituals, such as bathing in the river Ganges and feeding of priests on anniversaries, which Dayandanda pronounced as superstitions.
           


Jamnalal Bajaj: He fought gainst untouchability and poverty. With the intent of eradicating untouchab ility, he fought the non-admission of Harijans into Hindu Tembples in his hometown of Wardha. As orthodox Hindu priests and Brahmns objected, he opened his own family temple, the Laxmi Narayan Mandir in Wardha, for the Harijans in 1928. He began to compaign by eating a meal with Harijans and opening public wells to them. He opened several wells in his fields and gardens.
            Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar: Ishwar Chandra Vidhyasagar championed the uplift of the status of women in India, particularly I his native place Bengal. He introduced the practice of widow remarriages to mainstream Hindu society. He also demonstrated that the system of polygamy without restrictions was not sanctioned by the ancient Hindu Shastras. He always tried to help the poor. Though he was objected in his works, he didn’t lose faith and hope and continued with his works.
           Dr. B. R. Ambedkar: He fought against untouchability. He campaigned against social discrimination, the Indian caste system. He worked as a private tutor, as an accountant, and established an investment consulting business, but it failed when his clients learned that he was an untouchable. In 1926, he successfully defended three non-Brahmin leaders who had accused the Brahmin community of ruining India and were then subsequently sued for libel. By 1927 Ambedkar decided to launch active movements against untouchability. He began with public movements and marches to open up and share public drinking water sources; also he began a struggle for the right to enter Hindu temples. He led a satyagraha n Mahad to fight for the righ of the untouchable community to draw water from the main water tank of the town.

            Kandukuri Veereshalingam: He was a social reformer of former Madras State. He encouraged education for women. He was one of the earliest reformers in India to demand for radical changes in Telugu Indian society. He fought for remarriage of widows. Thought he was opposed by the so-called traditionalists, he didn’t stop his efforts and went on with his work.

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