May 25, 2016

Parts of the sentence: Subject and Predicate



PARTS OF THE SENTENCE: SUBJECT AND PREDICATE

A sentence is a grammatically independent unit of expression, made up of two essential parts called the Subject and the Predicate.
Every complete sentence has a subject and a predicate.
THE TWO MAIN PARTS OF A SENTENCE
The Subject
The Predicate
The girl                                           dances well.










The girl is a subject and dances well is the predicate. If I come up to you and say "The girl", you know that is the subject about which I wish to talk. But I have said nothing about the subject. To make a sentence I must say something about the girl.

          If I say "The girl dances well", I have expressed a complete thought and I have made a sentence.

          In grammar the person or place or thing or idea we speak about is called the subject. What we say about the subject is called the predicate.


THE SUBJECT
Definition:
Subject tells the listener and the reader whom or what the sentence is about. The subject is that part of a sentence which names a person or place or thing or idea.
For example:
The lion
The teacher
Stars
The dog
Flowers
The sun
Clock
The girl
The horse
Anil
The Child
The newspaper
Every complete subject contains a simple subject. The simple subject, which is a noun or pronoun, is the most important word in the complete subject.
For example:
A loud argument has been taken place.
The newspaper article attracted Nick Vujicic.
We listened to the radio at the school.
Idly and Dosa are Shravan’s favorite breakfast.

Note:  One couldn’t find any subject in some imperative sentences. But the subject is to be understood as ‘you.’

For instance:

1.     Get out! (To be understood that ‘You get out.’)
2.     Please sit down. (To be understood that ‘You please sit down.’)
3.     Stupid! (To be understood that ‘You stupid.’)
4.     Take your seat. (To be understood that ‘You take your seat.)




THE PREDICATE
Definition:
The predicate is that part of a sentence which tells something about the subject.
For example:
teaches well
eats grass
twinkle at night
is the cell phone
shines during the day
bite the boy
crows in the morning
dances well
is clever
A simple predicate describes the action or condition of the subject or subjects in a sentence. Hence a simple predicate is a verb.
 For example:
Rama sketched a picture of an elephant.
We always support each other.
Santhoshini rarely complains about friends.

SUBJECT AND PREDICATE EXAMPLES
Notice how the following sentences are divided into subject and predicate:
Subject
Predicate
The teacher
teaches well.
Stars
twinkle at night.
Flowers
bloom in the garden.
Dogs
like to bark and sniff.
Active boys
never stop playing.
The birds
always sing early in the morning.
The horse
is white.
The young, worried pilot,
read the storm warning.
Vishal and Vyshali
played with their toys.

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